Annadale Energy Cleans Up New York's Power Grid.

Here's How.

  • Fuel cells are a clean energy technology supported under the New York State's Clean Energy Fund and New York City's Roadmap to 80x50.

  • Annadale Energy will avoid greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of over 20 million pounds each year, the equivalent of emissions of 2,156 cars driven for one year or the carbon sequestered by 13,032 acres of U.S. forest in one year.

Annadale Energy will be an arrangement of fuel cell generating equipment. Fuel cells are a clean energy technology that convert fuel into electricity through an ultraefficient electrochemical process without combustion.

Fuel cell technology reduces GHG emissions, air pollutants, and particulate matter compared to New York City’s grid-sourced electricity.

Each year, Annadale Energy will reduce New York City’s carbon footprint by over 20 million pounds of GHG emissions.



To achieve the equivalent GHG emission reduction from photovoltaic (PV) panels, a solar energy farm spanning 57 football fields would need to be cleared. This is roughly 30% of total acreage of Annadale’s Blue Heron Park and Nature Preserve. While large expanses for PV farms are found in rural communities in Upstate New York and Eastern Long Island, the smaller footprint for fuel cells make them an ideal clean energy technology for the land area constraints of Staten Island and New York City.

GHG Equivalency Calculator Results

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) GHG Calculator

Fuel cells are classified as a Tier 1 renewable electric generation source under the New York State Clean Energy Standard. For every megawatt-hour* of energy, Annadale Energy will reduce GHG emissions by 40-50% versus grid-sourced electricity like Staten’s Island Arthur Kill Generation Station.

*A megawatt-hour, or MWh, equals 1,000 kilowatt-hours, or kWh, and is roughly equivalent to the amount of electricity consumed by a New York City household every two months.

EPA Database on Arthur Kill  emissions (eGRID2018)

Clean Energy Specifications of Commercial Fuel Cells

NOx Pollution - Nitrogen oxide comes from combustion of fuel in centralized power plants. The chemical plays a roles in producing smog on hot summer days and is harmful to human health. NOx irritates the respiratory system. Non-combustion fuel cells have negligible emissions of NOx criteria pollutants. Ground-level ozone (O3) is produced by a reaction of NOx with sunlight. Source: EPA

SOx Pollution - Sulfur oxides comes from combustion of fuel in centralized power plants. The chemical is harmful to trees and can harm the human respiratory system and make breathing difficult. Non-combustion fuel cells have negligible emissions of SOx criteria pollutants. Source: EPA

CO2 Emissions - Carbon dioxide is the primary greenhouse gas (GHG) emitted through human activities and cause of global climate change. Fuel cells operate at high efficiency and have materially lower CO2 emissions than traditional power generation resources. Source: EPA

Air pollution from traditional centralized power plants is a leading environmental threat to the health of New York City residents. Criteria pollutants, including ozone (O3) and fine particles (PM2.5), have high concentrations in Staten Island. Non-combustion fuel cells have little to no emissions of local criteria pollutants.

New York City estimates that reduction of these local air pollutants, including using new energy technologies, could prevent hundreds of deaths and hospitalizations each year.

Annadale Energy will help make Staten Island cleaner and healthier.

Air Pollution and the Health of New Yorkers (NYC Health)

Clean Energy Projects Across New York City


New York State Distributed Energy Resource (DER) Map

New York State DER Performance Database

U.S. Stationary Fuel Cell Database

Fuel Cell Location Database for New York State

Fuel cells have been installed across New York City since the mid-1990s for niche applications. Over the last 10 years, there's been an increase in their prevalence. Like all clean energy technologies, fuel cells have dramatically reduced in cost and increased in efficiency. Commercially available fuel cells can now be cost-effectively installed at targeted sites that require their small modular design and ultrahigh reliability.

1977 - Con Ed Preparing Fuel-Cell Test Plant, NY Times

2003 - Coming Clean With Fuel Cells, NYPA

2017 - Fuel Cells for Stationary Power, DOE

Annadale Energy will use the fuel cell equipment that's installed in other places in New York that that require flexible, clean, reliable sources of electricity. Over the next five years, there will be an expansion in fuel cell projects across New York City. Annadale Energy is a part of a family of new clean, distributed energy projects supported by New York State, New York City, ConEd, and federal policies.

A Brief Background on New York Clean Energy Policies

New York State and New York City have the nation’s most ambitious goals to reduce GHG emissions and tackle climate change.

The state's Reforming the Energy Vision (REV) initiative seeks to transform the energy system, reduce GHG by 85% by 2050, and support the deployment of clean energy technologies. A core component of REV is a new way to value the benefits of distributed energy resources (DERs). The framework, called the Value of Distributed Energy Resources (VDER) Tariff, was adopted by ConEd in 2018. Annadale Energy maximizes ConEd’s VDER Tariff because it has the most clean and distributed energy benefits in ConEd’s service territory. 

New York Reforming the Energy Vision (REV)

Value of Distributed Energy Resources (VDER) Value Stack

The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) administers the Clean Energy Fund (CEF). CEF promotes the development of clean, local energy resources to strengthen and improve the reliability of the grid. Stationary fuel cells operate as ultra-clean distributed generation resources which can relieve stress on the power grid and enhance the resiliency. The CEF Stationary Fuel Cell Program provides financial support to reduce the upfront costs to install and operate fuel cells, reduce energy expenses, and reduce GHG emissions. In 2019, the CEF Stationary Fuel Cell Program was expanded to support Community Distributed Generation (CDG). Annadale Energy was awarded as the first CDG projects under the Fuel Cell incentive program.

New York Clean Energy Fund (CEF) Fact Sheet

NYSERDA CEF Stationary Fuel Cell Incentive Program 

Roadmap to 80x50 is the New York City’s framework to achieve the city’s commitment to reduce GHG emissions by at least 80% by 2050. One strategy is to promote clean, DERs at a community scale. DERs play an important role in increasing the amount of clean energy, in reducing demand on the grid, and in providing resiliency benefits. In 2019, the New York City Department of City Planning (DCP) and Department of Buildings (DOB) made a landmark interpretation of its 1961 Zoning Resolution that promotes the DERs in strategic locations in the city. Annadale Energy is the city’s first project under DOB’s zoning interpretation for community-scale DERs.

Roadmap to 80x50

OneNYC (2016)

New York City Buildings Bulletin 2019-007

In addition to a providing benefits to ConEd’s power grid, Annadale Energy supports ConEd’s bottom-line. As eligible Tier 1 Renewable Energy Sources, Annadale Energy will generate approximately 62,000 Renewable Energy Credit (REC) Certificates each year. RECs are the legal instrument by which clean energy generation are claimed. As Community Distributed Generation (CDG) projects, Annadale Energy’s RECs will be automatically transferred to ConEd. ConEd will retire the Annadale RECs to meet their regulatory obligations under the Clean Energy Standard (CES) through 2030 and avoid paying Alternative Compliance Payment (ACP) fee of $18.71 per REC. Additionally, ConEd will earn extra revenue under the DER Utilization Earning Adjustment Mechanism (EAM) program. This EAM encourages ConEd to work with DER providers like Annadale Energy and expand the use of DERs in its service territory.

Clean Energy Standard Eligibility

ConEd Earning Adjustment Mechanism

© 2020 by Annadale Community Clean Energy Projects LLC, Urban Future Lab, Brooklyn, NY